Francis Newton Souza: Bridging Western and Indian Modern Art - Aziz Kurtha
FN Souza was a founder member of the Progressive Artists' Group (PAG), largely responsible for shaping the Modern art movement in India. He went on to become a celebrated sensation in Europe, following exhibitions in London in the 1950s. He was influenced by the traditional temple sculptures of India and he imbibed from European artistic perspectives of Modern painters and Old Masters. Souza was bitterly critical of the Catholic Church and the hypocrisy of its clergy. He sought to disturb accepted notions of aesthetics and jolt stereotypical perceptions about religion, sin, sensuality and the supposedly benevolent political order. His artistic talents, whether in oil painting, writing or line drawing, remain utterly compelling. Posthumously, his work has achieved further critical acclaim, and is avidly sought after in India, UK and the USA. The Tate Gallery and the Victoria and Albert Museum of London, own several of his works and have exhibited them from time to time. The renowned Indian painter M F Husain paid a tribute by stating, "Souza was my mentor ...he is the most significant painter, almost a genius."